Sunday, May 24, 2020
The word euthanasia is taken from the Greek word Ã¢â¬ËEu ThanosÃ¢â¬â¢, meaning Ã¢â¬Ëgood deathÃ¢â¬â¢. Euthanasia involves an action carried out by a person other than the patient to end the life of the patient suffering from a terminal condition. This action is based on the belief that the act is putting the patient of their misery: this action has also been called mercy killings. There are a number of ethical concerns that arise when the terminally ill patient and healthcare providers decide on the best course of care for the dying patient. The definition of ethical is upright, honest, and compliant with accepted standards of social or professional behavior. Those people who think euthanasia is morally right believe that a terminally ill person has theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Healthcare providers may decide to euthanize an elderly patient just because they think the patient is going to die eventually because of their age. If we place the decision of life and death and healthcare providerÃ¢â¬â¢s hands it will lead to murder. Our society is working to educate individuals on the importance of seeking medical advice, getting blood work done and getting a yearly physical. However, one of the most important changes in recent years is the increasing emphasis insurance companies have placed on healthcare providers to control costs. Great discrepancy in access to care occurs, depending on the type and size of the system, source of payment for services, private versus public programs, availability of an accessibility to providers, individual preferences, and insurance coverage or ability to pay. The existing system continues to be oriented to treatment of acute or episodic conditions rather than the promotion of health and complete care. It would be cheaper for insurances if health care providers used euthanasia for those patients that are terminally ill instead of treating their illness. If euthanasia was legal healthcare providers would have to decide to do the right thing or make more money in treating patients with disabilities and incurably diseases. Ã¢â¬Å"Euthanasia, if it was legalized, could become a money maker tool for big HMOs, because drugs used in euthanasia would only cost aboutShow MoreRelatedEuthanasi Should It Be Legalized? Essay1125 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEuthanasia Ã¢â¬Å"mercy killingÃ¢â¬ should it be legalized in New Zealand? Euthanasia debates arenÃ¢â¬â¢t new to the surface as people has been talking about it for more than a decade. One side of the issue is the government and other organizations that stand against legalising euthanasia as they thi nk it is unethical and would be considered as the other face to suicide. The other side of the issue are some doctors and professionals that think euthanasia should be legalised in New Zealand, so people that sufferRead MorePsysician Assicted Suicide1071 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbecause she felt it was necessary; even though it clearly was not. He heard her desperate plead and decided to help. He used his own invention called the Suicide Machine: a way of killing an ill patient by means of injecting lethal drugs into the patient via an IV, an example of active euthanasia. Active euthanasia occurs when an action is done with the intention of ending a persons life, such as injecting a fatal drug or medication. Finally, in a public park inside his Volkswagen van, KevorkianRead MoreMany years ago, in a small town in Michigan, a woman by the name of Janet Adkins was diagnosed with1200 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagestechnically called suicide; even though it clearly was. He heard her desperate plead and decided to help. He used his own invention called the Suicide Machine: a way of killing an ill patient by means of injecting lethal drugs via an I.V. This is an example of one of two types of euthanasia, known as Active Euthanasia. Active Euthanasia occurs when an action is done with the intention of ending a persons life, such as injecting a fatal drug or medication (Kastenbaum 531). Finally, in a public park insideRead MoreIs Euthanasia A Mercy Killing Or Assisted Suicide?947 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesof which that is most commonly discussed and debated is euthanasia. Also referred to as mercy killing or assisted suicide, euthanasia is defined as the Ã¢â¬Å"act or practice of killing or permitting the death of hopelessly sick or injured individuals in a relatively painless way for reasons of mercyÃ¢â¬ . (Euthanasia) Though such a basic definition is provided, mercy killing can be classified into several different categories. Voluntary euthanasia is performed with the permission and consent of the personRead MoreEuthanasia Essay1243 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEuthanasia In this term paper I have chosen to speak about euthanasia because this is a topic that provokes as much controversy as capital punishment, primarily because it is irreversible. The question of euthanasia being right or wrong is one that most would prefer left alone. My purpose here in this term paper is to show forth view points of both sides of the arguments and finally conclude with my views on the topic. Let me start by explaining what is the exactRead MoreThe Controversy Of The Practice Of Euthanasia1605 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe controversy of a doctor assisting their patient who is already dying, end their life sooner to save them from continuous unnecessary pain and agony has been the topic of controversy for years. The practice of euthanasia is in my opinion a mercy and should not be banned because in reality it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t physically hurt anyone. You could say it hurts the patient but then again that patient is already in tremendous pain or in an incapacitated state of no recovery, as in paralyzed or brain damage etcRead MoreEssay about Euthanasia as Mercy or Murder1311 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEuthanasia as Mercy or Murder In keeping with the root definition of euthanasia- literally [meaning] good death- [supporters] of euthanasia insist they are talking about helping terminally ill patients in insufferable pain die a dignified death- at the patients request. But this bears no resemblance to the true picture of the actual practice of euthanasia in the United States (Lyons np). Passive euthanasia is death by nonintervention, meaning a health care worker can discontinueRead MoreThe Ethical Dilemma Of The Medical Field1619 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfield today is Euthanasia. Euthanasia is a process that entails deliberately ending a personÃ¢â¬â¢s life, with the intention of relieving their pain and suffering. As such, it is legal in some countries while illegal in some. The US Law accords all informed adults the right to die even though the law surrounding it varies from one state to the other. There are however a couple of ethical issues that come up as a result of the practice. The major debate has been whether or not Euthanasia is right, or wrongRead MoreEssay about Euthanasia should not be legalized in the US622 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesa patientÃ¢â¬â¢s right to choose to end his or her life by means of euthanasia. Euthanasia is the practice of ending a life in a painless manner. It has been and still remains an extremely controversial topic in the US. Does a person have the right to die? Should euthanasia be legalized? Legalizing euthanasia has become a burning topic to doctors, societies, governments, and nations. To me, the US government should not legalize euthanasia. I agree that people should have the right to do anything theyRead MoreMercy Killing1858 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesNovember 11, 2010 Mercy killing is it justifiable? There are many perspectives on the issue of mercy killing and if itÃ¢â¬â¢s justifiable. Mercy killing is the killing of another human being. As this issue is closely monitored we see that, euthanasia involves the ethics of doctorÃ¢â¬â¢s practices, and many other problems that may come up in this controversial issue. Three main perspectives are mercy killing is not justifiable for any reason, mercy killing is justifiable, and mercy killing is justifiable to
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Throughout the beginning of the 1900Ã¢â¬â¢s, Roosevelt became immensely favored and adored by the majority of United States citizens. After Theodore Roosevelt served his terms of presidency from 1901-1909, he declared that he would not accept a renomination for another term. With being in control of the Republican Party and also becoming quite favored, Roosevelt was able to name who his successor would be. With having being so popular and trustworthy, Roosevelt commanded the Republican Party to stay loyal to his ways by nominating and supporting RooseveltÃ¢â¬â¢s secretary of war, William Howard Taft. When Roosevelt left office, he stated, Ã¢â¬Å"I have the profound satisfaction of knowing that he [Taft] will do all in his power to further every one of the great causes for which I have fought and that he will persevere in every one of the great governmental policies in which I most firmly believeÃ¢â¬ (6). However, when election time came around, many Americans were not impressed by the actions that Taft had taken and the way he carried himself. Many Americans were against Taft and believed that he was not competent enough to take on the job. When Taft ran for his second term in 1912, his opposers, betrayal of the Republican Party and his seemingly lack of political knowledge and training cost him the election. Mid-way through his first term, Taft had changed his motives and wanted to remove so called Ã¢â¬Å"disloyalÃ¢â¬ members from the Republican party. Around this time, Taft was also in aShow MoreRelatedPresident Roosevelt s President Of The United States Essay1267 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWhen President McKinley was assassinated Vice President Theodore Roosevelt became President of the United States at the age of 43. He is the youngest president in our nationÃ¢â¬â¢s history. Though President Roosevelt was young with fresh ideas filled with high energy as you will see that even after he became president he continued to do some things he enjoyed in his life. Roosevelt while still in the presidency, he continued to box inside the White House. In one of those instances while sparing he sparedRead MorePresident Roosevelt s New Deal971 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWhen President Roosevelt took office, the odds were stacked against him almost immediately. This was due to Roosevelt having to take on the task of getting America out of the Depression that It plunged into during the Herbert Hoover administration. The Great Depression happened through a myriad of events that ranged from bank failures to the stock market crashing multiple times in a short amount of time. The nation s economy was in turmoil and unemployment and poverty were at an all-time high andRead MorePresident Roosevelt s New Deal1025 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesFranklin Delano Roosevelt is consistently listed just behind Lincoln and Washington on ratings of American presidents by many historians. There are even some media sources, such as Newsweek and the Schlesinger Presidential Poll that list FDR as the top modern president. He was loved by the American people at the time, as evident by his four terms, the only president to do so. To the average and uninformed American, this may seem to be a fair assessment of the president that led his country out ofRead MorePresident Roosevelt s Foreign Policy1154 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagespower, president McKinley was assassinated on 14 September 1901. The boisterous and aggressive Vice President Theodore Roosevelt would now fill the role of President. Unlike McKinley, Roosevelt did not shy away from conflict. He was ambitious to lead the charge in expanding AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s presence with an aggressive foreign policy. Shortly following the United States rise to imperialistic power president McKinley was assassinated on 14 September 1901. The boisterous and aggressive Vice President TheodoreRead MorePresident Roosevelt s President Of The Republican Progressive Party1481 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagespresidentÃ¢â¬â¢s name is Theodore Roosevelt. His nickname is Teddy. Did you know the Teddy Bear was named after him? President Roosevelt was in office from September 14, 1901 until March 4, 1909. He was the 26th president of the United States. President Roosevelt was in the Republican Progressive Party. Theodore Roosevelt was born in New York City, New York on October 27, 1858. He died in Cove Neck, New York on January 6, 1919. He was 60 years old. President RooseveltÃ¢â¬â¢s wives names wereRead MoreTheodore Roosevelt s President Of The United States967 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesTheodore Roosevelt became president after president McKinley was assassinated. Roosevelt was the 26th president of the United States from 1901-1909. Theodore Roosevelt was the youngest United States president in history. Theodore Roosevelt was one of the most popular and important to ever serve in the Chief Executive Office. During Theodores Roosevelts time as president he accomplished many things while president. A couple of his accomplishments were created when he introduced the Square Deal. TheRead MorePresident Theodore Roosevelt s Military Power1468 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Although some believe that president Theodore Roosevelt abused his executive power, he did not. He was a very successful president who used his powers as president expertly during his presidency. Roosevelt used his diplomatic power wisely in the Dominican Republic and when he mediated the Russo-Japanese war. He used his legislative power effectively to influence reform policies. Roosevelt used his military power strongly to suppress Columbia and free Panama while asserting AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s militaryRead MorePresident Franklin D. Roosevelt s Speech1374 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Words are some of the most important, effective, yet dangerous tools of the world. Words have the power to persuade, dissuade, and completely change one s point of view. We have all experienced that moment when we want to do something and our parents disagree. They may say to do whatever we want, however those simple words can cause waves of guilt crashing through onto ourselves. Although the parents did not say they disagree, the circumstances allowed ears to be tuned fine into seeing what theRead MorePresident Roosevelt s Declaration Of War On Japan Essay1018 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesemergency. How would you feel? How would you react? What would you do? As President Roosevelt delivered his speech he had two main points that he wanted to relay to the nation. The first point was to encourage Congress to formally declare war on Japan. Insisting that the attack was just a start to the many more to come. The second point was to gather the support of the American people; in the war efforts that he was proposing, President Franklin used major American cities such as San Francisco, ChicagoRead MorePresident Roosevelt s Successor, Taft876 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAlthough William Howard Taft had been President Theodore RooseveltÃ¢â¬â¢s handpicked successor, Taft soon proved to be incompetent in many foreign and domestic affairs. To many Americans, it quickly became evident that Taft did not share the same political viewpoints as his successor, Roosevelt, had. Compared to Roosevelt, Taft was not as energetic and ardent; his policies caused much controversy from the Republican Party and Roosevelt himself (Brinkley 606). In addition to TaftÃ¢â¬â¢s passivity towards Congress
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
GAP cannot reflect positive or negative externalities Involve In the consumption and production UT these externalities do affect on peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s living standard. Negative externalities such as pollution brings environmental costs to society but not calculated by GAP. Positive externalities such as technological advance benefits to society but it is not count in GAP. We will write a custom essay sample on Workers without Jobs or any similar topic only for you Order Now Economic well-being would be under-value or over-value if GAP is the only single measure of economic well-being. 3. Leisure helps people enjoy a better life. In countries with lower GAP, the welfare gain from leisure can compensate the welfare loss from low GAP. Explain why frictional and structural unemployment are unavoidable in most of the economies. There are always some workers without Jobs, even when the overall economy is doing well. For example, people now prefer cell phones from Apple than from Monika. Monika decides to cut down Its employees due to the decrease of revenue. It takes time for him (the worker) to search another job that is best suited for him. In this period when matching jobs and workers, he is unemployed and it is called frictional unemployment. Another example is that now most of the textile factories decide to move to mainland China. A worker in one of these factories loses her job, however, he Is unable to learn or change new working skills or knowledge on other specialist or other field. And therefore, she cannot find a new Job In her Orlando Industry and also in other industries. This imbalance between the skills and other characteristics of some workers and the needs of workers in the labor market causes unemployment called structural unemployment. When unemployment consist only frictional and structural unemployment, unemployment is at natural rate. In most of the economies, there are always some reasons causing frictional or structural unemployment. Employment rate never fall to zero it fluctuates around the natural rate of unemployment. Therefore, frictional and structural unemployment are unavoidable in most of the economies. What are the three major functions of money? Discuss how these functions be affected by inflation. Account and a store of value. A medium of exchange is an item that buyers give to sellers when they purchase goods and services. When you buy a shirt at a clothing store, the store gives you the shirt, and you give the store your money. This transfer of money from buyer to seller allows the transaction to take place. When you walk into a store, you are confident that the store will accept your money for the items it is selling because money is the commonly accepted medium of exchange. A unit of account is the yardstick people use to post prices and record debts. When you go shopping, you might observe that a shirt costs $30 and a hamburger costs $3. Even though it would be accurate to say that the price of a shirt is 10 hamburgers and the price of a hamburger is 1110 of a shirt, prices are never quoted in this way. Similarly, if you take out a loan from a bank, the size of your future loan repayments ill be measured in dollars, not in a quantity of goods and services. When we want to measure and record economic value, we use money as the unit of account. A store of value is an item that people can use to transfer purchasing power from the present to the future. When a seller accepts money today in exchange for a good or service, that seller can hold the money and become a buyer of another good or service at another time. Money is not the only store of value in the economy: A person can also transfer purchasing power from the present to the future by holding monetary assets such as stocks and bonds. The term wealth is used to refer to the total of all stores of value, including both money and monetary assets. What assumptions are necessary to argue that the quantity equation of money implies that increases in the money supply lead to proportional increases in the general price (a) Discuss two reasons why the GAP deflator gives a different rate of inflation than the ICP does. 1. 12 PEP (6 marks) (b) Explain the likely effect of a binding minimum wage on the unemployment rate. (5 marks) (a) Suppose an economy that is initially at full employment faces a tremendous drop n imports. I. How to cite Workers without Jobs, Papers
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Real-Life Heroes Essay Heroes abound in present times and many of them are fictional characters, for instance, Superman, Wonder Woman, and Thor. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢ve been significant in many peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s childhood and teenage years, but thereÃ¢â¬â¢re also real-life heroes who embody the best human qualities and are acknowledged for making the difference. Heroes have always lived on the borderline between real world and that of imagination. On the one hand, weÃ¢â¬â¢re aware theyÃ¢â¬â¢re not real because adults are constantly telling us heroes only exist in cartoons and movies. On the other hand, it seems that superheroes are real because they make us feel courageous when confronting adversities. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s how a real-life hero can materialize himself these days: encouraged by a fictional character that, with his/her noble disposition, helps people deal with their fears and guides them into worthy achievement. Additionally, a modern, real-life hero isnÃ¢â¬â¢t a costumed crime fighter, but an ordinary person whoÃ¢â¬â¢s resolved to be Ã¢â¬Å"braver five minutes longer. Ã¢â¬ To be a modern hero comes along with great responsibilities, thus an ordinary manÃ¢â¬â¢s mentality has to suffer a modification in order to understand that such responsibility is assumed, not imposed. Consequently, the capacity to take on responsibility where no one else would regard themselves as responsible, leads real-life heroes to do something about a situation rather than being helpless victims of it. The English poet Matthew Arnold once said: Ã¢â¬Å"The will is free; Strong is the soul, and wise, and beautiful; The seeds of god-like power are in us still; Gods are we, bards, saints, heroes, if we will! Ã¢â¬ which may mean that thereÃ¢â¬â¢re honorable characteristics inherently human that can make anyone of us a real-life hero, opposite to cultural stereotypes and committed to embrace diversity Ã¢â¬âheroes may come in all sizes, colors, and shapes. Hence, those who organize the neighborhood to get a stop sign, open childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s libraries, and protest against the threat of contamination are the ordinary people whoÃ¢â¬â¢ve taken responsibility regarding an affair and have done a meaningful effort to improve it. Finally, heroism doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t consist of wearing capes and tight clothes, and having superpowers to fight evil. Instead, itÃ¢â¬â¢s enough to develop a sense of responsibility to take a stand in those subjects that require a brave person to do something about them. We can all be modern-days heroes and be acknowledged for our contribution to a better society. LetÃ¢â¬â¢s make our own version of superheroes now! Bibliography: Arnold, Matthew. The Poems of Matthw Arnold. 1840-1867. London, New York: Oxford University Press, 1909; From http://www.bartleby.com/254/14.html, 2011. Debra, D., Norloff, C., Carne, P. Q Skills for Success. Reading and Writing 4 Student Book with Online Practice. USA: Oxford University Press; Pap/Psc St edition (2011)
Tuesday, March 31, 2020
Both Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky have had a huge impact on learning and teaching methods. Although they have different views on how children learn, they both suggest helpful methods of teaching. Piaget and Vygotsky both focus on the idea of constructivism. Constructivist theories believe learning includes real-world situations, language, interaction, and collaboration with others. Piaget believed in cognitive constructivism and Vygotsky believed in social constructivism. They both had logical ideas with some similarities, but their theories also differed. First off, Piaget was a strong believer in cognitive constructivism and offered that children learn with schemes, accommodation, and assimilation. He also suggested that learner go through stages of learning. These include the sensorimotor stage, the preoperational stage, the concrete operational stage, and the formal operational stage. The sensorimotor stage occurs before the age of 2 and includes learning through movement and senses. Towards the end of this stage, children begin to develop object permanence. We will write a custom essay sample on Piaget v. Vygotsky or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Between the ages of 2-7, the child is at the preoperational stage. At this age, children are not able to think about their actions and believe everyone has the same viewpoint as themselves. They also pick up the idea of conservation at this stage. Next is the concrete operational stage which happens between 7 to 11 years of age. By this time, children have intelligence based on logic and concrete references. Eleven years and up is considered the formal operational stage. During this stage, abstract thinking really takes off and a child can think about probabilities and analogies. An example of a classroom that involves PiagetÃ¢â¬â¢s cognitive constructivism theory would include challenging activities for the children such as simulations, field trips, and model building. Overall, his theory includes providing a child with knowledge that is meaningful and relatable. On the other hand, Lev Vygotsky believed in social constructivism as a means of learning. His theory suggested that children learn best in a collaborative environment involving socialization. He believed that a child must interact with the social environment on an interpersonal level. Once this has occurred, the child can internalize their experience and construct new ideas. For Vygotsky, culture and social context are critical in learning and he believed thatÃ¢â¬â¢s when children learn the best. He came up with the ZPD, which stands for zone of proximal development. The ZPD is the distance between what a learner can do with help and what they can do without help. He thought that children learn best within this zone because it advances their learning and challenges them. Vygotsky believed that with the help of a teacher or mentor, students could understand concepts that they wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be able to know on their own. A classroom including VygotskyÃ¢â¬â¢s social constructivism theory would include meaningful content and content that relates to the real-world. Teacher-student and student-student interaction are key in the classroom according to Vygotsky and will produce strategies such as questioning, summarizing, predicting, and clarifying. A similarity between Piaget and Vygotsky is that they both provided views on cognitive development using constructivism. They were both interested in furthering the learning of children using cognitive processes. Also, another similarity that they share is that they both believed that societal influences established cognitive growth in children. They agreed that learning is affected by the context in which a subject is taught. Although their contexts were different, the studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ beliefs and attitudes contributed to the way a child learns. Even though their theories differed, they both believed internalizing the information learned was important and constructivism allows the student to analyze, gather, filter, and reflect on the information they are provided. As for differences, Piaget and Vygotsky had quite a few. Obviously, their theories differed especially with social context. Vygotsky believed that development must include social context, unlike Piaget. Vygotsky focused on learning from the environment, while Piaget didnÃ¢â¬â¢t see the significance of this. Also, Piaget thought learning happened after development and Vygotsky proposed that learning takes place before development. While Vygotsky focused on language and socializing, Piaget viewed language as a stepping stone to development and didnÃ¢â¬â¢t view it as much of an importance. Another difference is that Vygotsky thought that student-student interaction is vital because of the social aspect. On the other hand, Piaget saw student-student collaboration as helpful because it could stimulate thinking, but it wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t nearly as important in the cognitive development of children. Also a difference is that Piaget believed in four different stages and ages of development, whereas Vygotsky didnÃ¢â¬â¢t believe in any set stages. As we know now, there are multiple intelligences and no two children learn the same. It is hard to choose one theory or the other because every childÃ¢â¬â¢s need should be implemented. Teachers should include group work along with individual work and not resort to only one. Piaget and Vygotsky both have valid suggestions for learning, but I believe that time and learning has changed over the years. They both made huge contributions to learning and development and even though their views are different, they both offer logical theories that are still important today.
Saturday, March 7, 2020
Deciding What I Want to Be Since the first flight at Kitty Hawk the flight industry has developed far beyond our imagination. Even with undoubted hazards of flying it still remains a popular means of transportation. This creates a huge demand for labor and wide variety of skills related with the industry. When I was little I was amazed at the sight of over fifty tons floating in the air. This led to curiosity that is embedded in me to this day, which has always made me wanting to become either a pilot or an airplane technician. I still have not decided which trade I would take up when I become graduated.Being a pilot would be an adventurous, risky, exciting and fun life; in simple no two days would be the same. There is a great deal of risk involved from the moment of take off to landing, making it exciting and adventurous. When flying, especially a commercial airliner, the same risk puts a great amount of responsibility in the hands of the pilot.Aviators 4In case of a technician, life would be drastically les s interesting and practically there would be nothing challenging at all, with the exception of completing deadlines. A technician can be sitting in the same desk, in the same terminal, doing the same machinery or drawing the same plan for years. Although on positive terms it is far too less risky, thus making it a lot less liable.On social aspects, piloting is considered as a prestigious occupation, throughout the globe. To be precise sometimes pilots are honored as much as crusaders or gallant sailors and explorers of the colonial centuries. Scarcity of their talent, their responsibilities as well as the dangers they face bring in pilots mammoth paychecks that can be shadowed by few other professions. Technicians only earn...
Thursday, February 20, 2020
Wall Street Journal - Research Paper Example Discussion Insider trading has been viewed to be one of the common and widespread issues in this modern financial market. There were many cases that were reported regarding inside trading. According to an article written by Bray (2013), former director of Goldman Sachs named Mr. Rajat Gupta was accused of being involved in a case relating to the issue of insider trading. Mr. Gupta was being convicted for sharing business secrets that he has learnt as a board member of the company with hedge-fund executive named Raj Rajaratnam and other business members. Mr. Gupta was sent for a two year imprisonment for conducting this unlawful offense. It has been apparently observed that the issue of insider trading is highly unethical. People would be benefited from using insider information but it is not morally correct. It has been viewed from the article that apart from the imprisonment, Mr. Gupta would also have to repay $6.2 billion in regard to legal fees and expenses occurred linked with th e case of insider trading. It is quite significant to understand that insider trading is regarded as an unlawful as well as unethical activity as this affects the performance of the businesses by a greater level. It is ethically not correct for Mr. Rajat Gupta to conduct such practices as it violates the duty of trust as well as confidentiality of the company. Moreover, it has been observed that the penalty that has been imposed over Mr. Gupta is completely on the basis of the proofs that were presented on the court2. In this similar context, there pertains other case relating to the critical issue of insider trading. According to the case, it has been observed that the younger brother of Raj Rajaratnam named Rengan Rajaratnam was accused for conducting the activity of insider trading. In this similar concern, it has been viewed that he was mainly accused due to sharing valuable business information particularly to Clearwire Corp. as well as Advanced Micro Devices Inc. It can be aff irmed that by conducting this practice, he violated the confidentiality of the company that can be regarded as immoral as well as illegal. He made a profit of $1.2 million illegally from performing the activity of insider trading. The information about the illegal conduct that performed by Rengan was observed by the Foreign Bureau of Investigation (FBI) from the telephonic conversation that was recorded between Rengan and one of his friend. Also, it would be worth mentioning that insider trading effects economy and might also lead to market crash at large3. Again in an article presented by Rothfeld, Eaglesham and Bray (2013), it has been noticed that one of the most well known investment firms i.e. SAC Capital Advisors LP would have to pay a huge amount of money for involving in two particular cases of insider trading. It has been apparently observed in this particular circumstance that the company has to pay more than what they have earned from the conduct of insider trading as a p enalty. Also, it has been viewed that a few of the employees of the company have been convicted relating t the case of insider trading in the past few years. Investigations revealed that Mr. Steven A. Cohen (founder of SAC) was guilty of sharing important inside information to Dell Inc and Nvidia Corp. The shared information aided the companies to avoid a trading loss of more